Tourism in Nepal Essay
People always seek some form of change in their life. They want a short-term break from their routine works. For this, they leave their original places temporarily to visit new places and observe new things. In a sense, this kind of brief movement of people for recreational purposes and a wide range of services targeted for them can be termed as tourism. In recent years, tourism has developed itself as a vital industry involving huge investment and creating millions of jobs for people worldwide.
Nepal is one of the important tourist destinations from a historical and natural point of view. The geographical diversity, favorable climate, linguistic diversity, religious tolerance, etc attract both domestic and international tourists to Nepal. Thus, the majority of tourists around the globe come to Nepal to enjoy natural beauties. Thus, tourism in Nepal has remained a strong economic pillar with a nearly 8% contribution to Nepal’s GDP. Nepal is rich in various factors that have made tourism of Nepal to flourish.
The Great Himalayan Trail
The region from Kanchanjunga to Saipal Himal is known as the Great Himalayan Trail. Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, Makalu Barun National Park, Sagarmatha National Park lie in the Eastern part of this region. In the middle part, there are Langtang Himal, Gosainkunda, Gaurisankar Himal, and in the western part there lies Manang, Mustang, Mugu, and Dolpa. Tourist can observe varieties of flora and fauna in this region and is one of the major attraction for foreign tourists in Nepal.
Nepal is rich in natural beauties. Snow-capped mountains, green forests, caves, waterfalls, lakes, rivers, etc. are major natural attractions of Nepal. Most of the tourists come to enjoy these beauties in Nepal. Rara Lake, Phewa Lake, Davies Fall, Mahendra Caves, Gosainkunda, Mustang e.t.c are the beautiful destinations of Nepal.
Historical and Religious Attractions
Nepal is famous all over the world for its unique and artistic historical and religious sites. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Janakpur, Muktinath, Sworgadwari, Pashupatinath, Muktinath, Krishna Temple are the major religious and cultural places of Nepal. Moreover, the ancient palaces inside Kathmandu Valley like Hanumandhoka Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square are also remarkable historical sites in Nepal. The woodcraft, and ancient art and architecture of Nepal allure tourists.
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Nepal has climatic diversity within itself. The diversity in climate has resulted in the diversity of natural vegetation. There is a sub-tropical climate in the Southern part, temperate climate in the middle and cold climate in the northern part of Nepal. This gives the opportunity to the tourists to experience almost all the climatic conditions found in the world in Nepal. Thus, Nepal has the potentiality to develop a tourism business in all parts of the country.
Eight mountain peaks above the altitude of 8000m (Kanchanjunga, Lhoste, K2, Cho Oyu e.t.c) including the highest peak of the world Mt.Everest of height 8848m are in Nepal. These mountain peaks are suitable for mountaineering. The Koshi, the Gandaki, the Karnali, and other rivers are suitable for rafting. For trekking, Annapurna Conservation Area, Solukhumbu, Langtang, Helambu are famous in the world. The Bhotekoshi River is suitable for Bunjee Jumping and Sarangkoy of Pokhara is famous for Paragliding. These prospects of adventure have increased the growth of tourism in Nepal.
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According to the census of Nepal 2068 BS, people of 125 different castes with their unique cultures are residing inside Nepal. Moreover, 123 distinct languages are spoken inside Nepal. Nepalese culture is the result of the fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Mongolian influences. Nepalese culture includes ethnic, tribal, and social variations along with the cultural assets in the form of feasts, festivals, folk dances, folk music, foods, drinks, and much more. Nepal is considered a beautiful garden where people of different castes and subcastes bloom. Nepalis believe in “ Unity in Diversity “ and it is the specialty of Nepalese culture.
Flora and Fauna
Nepal is rich in flora and fauna because of climatic and topographic diversity. Different parts of the country have been developed as a protected area, National parks, and hunting reserves. Wildlife tourism is also regarded as one main source of tourism in Nepal. 208 mammal species like Bengal Tiger, One-horned Rhino, Asiatic Elephant, Indian Pangolin, etc, and over 900 species of birds such as Danphe, pheasants, stork, spiny babbler, etc exist in Nepal.
The Tourism industry has offered multiple benefits to the nation. Many Nepalese people are employed in tourism sectors like travel agencies, Five Star Hotels, Airlines, bus services, guides, and more. Cottage Industries have flourished in Nepal as tourists buy Nepalese curio items, handicrafts, wooden crafts, idols, and more. Because of the tourism business, the natural, cultural and religious assets of Nepal are rapidly being conserved. Moreover, the campaign Visit Nepal 2020 has declared the year 2020 as the “Tourism Year of Nepal”. Thus, the tourism industry of Nepal is contributing to Nepal’s development directly and conservation initiatives indirectly.