Nepal is a physically and geographically diverse nation. There are diverse landforms, physical topography, climatic situations, natural scenes, etc. around the whole country. Many of the world’s naturally renowned phenomenons are situated inside Nepal. As Nepal is a country of mountains, it’s obvious that various tall mountains are standing on the land of Nepal. Eight out of 10 tallest mountains of the world above 8000m height are located in Nepal. The world’s tallest Mountain Mt.Everest(Sagarmatha) also lies inside Nepal. It is one of the largest wonders of the world and the region around this is a wonderful place.
Mt.Everest is the highest mountain peak on the earth, which lies in the world’s highest Mountain Range, The Himalayas. The height of Mt.Everest is 8848m or 29028.87 ft. In early time, Mt.Everest was referred to as Peak XV and after the British
Surveyor Sir. George Everest, this wonderful peak got its name as Everest. It is referred to as “Chomolungma” in Tibet which means the mother goddess of the universe and in Nepal, it is called “Sagarmatha” which means “forehead in the sky”. It was named as Sagarmatha by great Nepali Historian Baburam Acharya.
Mt.Everest, as mentioned above lies on the Himalayan Range and more specifically in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. It is situated in the Solkukhumbu district of Nepal. It lies on the border of Nepal and China above the death Zone. The latitude and longitude of the Mt.Everest are 27.9881° N and 86.9250° E respectively.
The region of Mt.Everest has a very cold climate. The temperature drops to -74°F(-59°C) in the month of January. The region slightly becomes warm in the month of July with around -10°F (-23°C). There are different glaciers in the slopes of Mt.Everest like Kangshung glacier, Rongbuk glacier, Pumori glacier, Khumbu glacier and so on. Glaciers have caused the erosion of different parts of Everest however, global warming has slowly led to the disappearance of glaciers.
Nepal’s tourism has highly flourished due to this magnificent peak. Thus, the peak itself has been the major attraction to the tourists. The mountain can be enjoyed best at its altitude. The majority of the people around the globe visit Nepal to climb this peak. It’s itself the task of bravery and honor to climb this wonderful peak. Everest base camp is the best trekking route to the
peak and it is one of the most visited regions of Himalaya.
Here, visitors can enjoy the natural scenes of different other peaks like Cho Oyu, Lhotse and enjoy the views of rivers, farmlands, Buddhist monasteries, etc. Moreover, the beautiful Tenzing Hillary airport also lies here. Sagarmatha national park can also be the attraction for the visitors as it is dominated by the peak. It comprises alpine and temperate vegetations and different plant species such as lichens, mosses, birches, rhododendrons and much more.
Moreover, different animal species like snow leopard, Himalayan monal, a red panda can also be found here. Besides this park, Namche Bazaar, the gateway of Mt.Everest also allure tourists. It is a busy marketplace where visitors can buy different Tibetan arts, artifacts, trekking equipment and so on. Moreover, the Sherpa Cultural Museum is also in Namche Bazar. Thus, the place has emerged as a tourism hub for everyone who wishes to visit the peak. Also, visitors can experience the cultural aspects of Sherpa people during the trekking to Everest.
Facts About Successful Attempts of Everest
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa are the first two persons to climb the summit successfully in the year 1953. Since then, many successful attempts have been made to reach the peak. American Tom Whittaker is the first disabled person to reach the summit in 1992 with this prosthetic legs. In 1975, Junko Tabei from Japan became the first women to successfully climb the peak. Sherpa Ang Rita is the record holder for climbing the summit ten times. Pasang Lhamu Sherpa is the first Nepalese woman to climb Mt.Everest which she did in the year 2007. More than 600 climbers from different countries have successfully climbed the peak.