Indian inventions: Being one of the largest country and populated country in the world, India has invented some of the important things that you are using in your daily life. Here are 15 things that were invented in India.
Chess is considered one of the top intellectual game in the world. This worldwide played game is actually an Indian invention. Chess was invented in around six century AD and was popular during the Gupta empire.
Along with chess, also another interesting game snake and ladder and Ludo invention credit also go to India. Its original version was called Mokshapat. The game was created by the 13th-century poet saint Gyandev.
I am sure you may have played both of these at least once in your life :).
Today, rulers are not only a part of our life but also have a contribution to the great architectural infrastructure. The Indus Vally civilization was using rulers in 1500 BC and earlier.
Made from ivory these rulers were found during excavations in what is present-day Pakistan and northwestern India. At that time these rulers used to be used for building an architectural structure with accuracy. Till now rulers are essential things in our life.
This simple but revolutionary invention is also invented in India. The first button was found during an excavation in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohenjo-daroMohenjodro, one of the largest settlements in the Indus Valley Civilization. In the very early time, buttons were made up of seashells and used as an ornament, not for fastening clothes. But later it became the widely used button for fastening clothes. Is not it great?
What would you imagine in the place if there were no button for fastening clothes?
Shampoo was invented in India in 1762. The word Shampoo came from the Hindi word Champo which means massage. It was originally used for head massage oil and was made up of natural herbs.
British found this idea as a brilliant invention for head cleaning. They started modifying ideas from head massage to head cleaning substance. It took years of time to evolve into shampoo as we know what it is today.
Thanks to Indians for making our hair clean!
5. Weighing scale
Unlike other cool inventions from Indus Vally Civilization, the earliest evidence for the existence of a weighing scale dates to 2400 BC-1800 BC is believed to be invented in India.
An Indian scientist Jagadish Chandra Bose invented an electrical instrument called a Crescograph which can be used for measuring the growth of a plant. He is also recognized as an inventor of the first wireless detection device and millimeter length electromagnetic wave.
7. The Zero (0)
People in ancient times had always thought that there should be some kind of sign that indicates nothing. Indians were the first to use the zero as a symbol and in arithmetic operations, although Babylonians used zero to signify the ‘absent’.
Before that, a blank space was used to denote zero, later when it created confusion a dot was used to denote zero In 500 AD circa Aryabhata again gave a new symbol for zero. Which indicates nothing.
8. Flush Toilets
Indus Valley Civilization came up with so many genius inventions. The toilet flush is one of them. Flush toilets using water are found in several houses of the cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa from the 3rd millennium B.C. Isn’t it a cool idea?
9. Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgery was performed for the first time by Indian physician Sushruta. For this special surgery, a curved needle used to loosen the lens and push the cataract out of the field of vision. The eye would later be soaked with warm butter and then bandaged.
Though this method was successful, Susruta cautioned that cataract surgery should only be performed when absolutely necessary. May patients and doctors traveled to India where these surgeries were performed by physicians. The removal of cataract by surgery soon became popular outside of India.
10. Plastic Surgery
In the sixth century BC, an Indian physician named Sushruta created a huge reference book on medicine and surgery(the same person who introduced cataract surgery). He was often called a father of surgery in India.
He described the use of hundreds of herbals for surgical procedures. His procedures including nose reconstruction, skin transplantation. These techniques are popular worldwide today.
If you are a big fan of Yoga then you should thank India for it. Yoga is a very common physical, mental, and spiritual practice that can bring positive change in our life. Yoga was originated from ancient India.
The first yoga guru was lost Shiva also known as Adi Yoga. Priminister Narendra Modi declared June 21 as a yoga day and now it is celebrated worldwide.
Plough is a tool that is used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil. Plows were traditionally drawn by working animals such as horses or oxen, but now they are drawn by tractors. This essential tool is also invented in India.
13. Wireless communication
The first public demonstration of microwave transmission was made by Jagadish Chandra Bose, in Calcutta, in 1895. After two years of a similar demonstration done by Marconi in England.
Bose’s revolutionary demonstration forms the foundation of the technology used in mobile telephony, radars, satellite communication, radios, television broadcast, WiFi, remote controls, and countless other applications.
He never registered a patent for his idea so he was only credited for his discovery a century later.
14. USB – Universal Serial Bus
USB- Universal Serial Bus is was brought to us by Indian American computer engineer Ajay V. Bhatt. He was working in Intel as an engineer back in the 1990s. He suddenly came up with an idea when he was using a tedious SD card on his computer. The first USB technology began development in 1994. Today over to billion electronic items used USB as a common port.
15. Natural Fibers
Nothing feels better than the touch of natural cotton on your skin. We could have been deprived of this situation if it weren’t for the bright minds of India.
Ancient Greeks used to wear animal skins but Indians started cultivating cotton back in the 4th and 5th century BC. They used cotton threads to produces fabrics. Later they started to make different items of clothing from cotton. Jute and wools have their origin in India.
So, these are the 15 things that were invented in India. Which of these lists you used the most or you simply couldn’t live without?
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